欧宝体育

地殼形變研究室

地(di)(di)(di)(di)殼(ke)形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian)研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)室(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)前身是遙感與(yu)空(kong)間信息(xi)應(ying)用(yong)(yong)研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)中(zhong)心(xin),成立于八十(shi)年代初。由InSAR與(yu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)殼(ke)形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian)、GPS與(yu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)殼(ke)形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian)、GPS與(yu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)學(xue)應(ying)用(yong)(yong)三(san)個(ge)學(xue)科組組成。研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)室(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)攻(gong)方(fang)向(xiang)為(wei)(wei): 以(yi)InSAR、PS/CR-InSAR為(wei)(wei)觀(guan)(guan)測(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)手(shou)段(duan),獲(huo)取長條帶、大范圍構(gou)(gou)(gou)造(zao)(zao)(zao)活動(dong)(dong)(dong)微量形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian)信息(xi),研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)現(xian)今地(di)(di)(di)(di)殼(ke)運(yun)(yun)動(dong)(dong)(dong)狀態、構(gou)(gou)(gou)造(zao)(zao)(zao)應(ying)力(li)場(chang)格局(ju)、活動(dong)(dong)(dong)構(gou)(gou)(gou)造(zao)(zao)(zao)形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian)特(te)征(zheng)(zheng)。以(yi)GPS為(wei)(wei)觀(guan)(guan)測(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)手(shou)段(duan),研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)殼(ke)形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian)隨時間的(de)(de)(de)(de)演(yan)化(hua)過(guo)程,獲(huo)取中(zhong)國大陸(lu)各(ge)種尺度的(de)(de)(de)(de)現(xian)代構(gou)(gou)(gou)造(zao)(zao)(zao)運(yun)(yun)動(dong)(dong)(dong)圖像;對(dui)中(zhong)國大陸(lu)一系(xi)列重(zhong)點地(di)(di)(di)(di)震(zhen)危險區(qu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)現(xian)今地(di)(di)(di)(di)殼(ke)形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian)特(te)征(zheng)(zheng)和(he)(he)(he)構(gou)(gou)(gou)造(zao)(zao)(zao)運(yun)(yun)動(dong)(dong)(dong)方(fang)式(shi)進(jin)行運(yun)(yun)動(dong)(dong)(dong)學(xue)和(he)(he)(he)動(dong)(dong)(dong)力(li)學(xue)方(fang)面的(de)(de)(de)(de)定量研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)和(he)(he)(he)解(jie)釋,為(wei)(wei)地(di)(di)(di)(di)震(zhen)危險性分(fen)析(xi)提(ti)供依(yi)據。開(kai)展(zhan)GPS與(yu)InSAR的(de)(de)(de)(de)聯合(he)應(ying)用(yong)(yong)研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)。將GPS與(yu)InSAR兩種空(kong)間對(dui)地(di)(di)(di)(di)技術有(you)效結(jie)(jie)合(he),獲(huo)取高(gao)精度、大范圍、高(gao)時空(kong)分(fen)辨率的(de)(de)(de)(de)地(di)(di)(di)(di)殼(ke)形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian)觀(guan)(guan)測(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)結(jie)(jie)果(guo)。以(yi)GPS和(he)(he)(he)InSAR為(wei)(wei)觀(guan)(guan)測(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)手(shou)段(duan),俘獲(huo)同震(zhen)形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian)變(bian)(bian)(bian)化(hua),監測(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)大震(zhen)后產生的(de)(de)(de)(de)弛豫(yu)形(xing)(xing)變(bian)(bian)(bian),研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)殼(ke)與(yu)斷層(ceng)介質性質及(ji)其應(ying)力(li)應(ying)變(bian)(bian)(bian)場(chang)演(yan)化(hua)。結(jie)(jie)合(he)國家高(gao)分(fen)辨率對(dui)地(di)(di)(di)(di)觀(guan)(guan)測(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)系(xi)統(tong),結(jie)(jie)合(he)電(dian)磁(ci)衛星(xing),以(yi)及(ji)低軌(gui)衛星(xing)定軌(gui),開(kai)展(zhan)熱(re)紅(hong)外(wai)、可見(jian)光、雷達等多(duo)源(yuan)遙感綜合(he)地(di)(di)(di)(di)震(zhen)應(ying)用(yong)(yong)研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu),以(yi)及(ji)GPS TEC、電(dian)磁(ci)衛星(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)電(dian)離層(ceng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)震(zhen)擾(rao)動(dong)(dong)(dong)特(te)征(zheng)(zheng)研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu),為(wei)(wei)地(di)(di)(di)(di)震(zhen)立體監測(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)、預測(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)研(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)提(ti)供物(wu)理(li)基礎(chu)。

研究(jiu)室(shi)目前(qian)有13名正式(shi)職工,其中(zhong)4名研究(jiu)員,4名副(fu)研究(jiu)員。科(ke)研工作以野外(wai)觀測為(wei)支(zhi)撐,實(shi)驗室(shi)擁有GPS接(jie)收機、InSAR角發射器(qi),多(duo)套(tao)地(di)震(zhen)學(xue)、InSAR、GPS處理(li)軟件,以及(ji)三(san)(san)維激光掃描儀、光譜(pu)分析儀等輔助(zhu)設施。2003年以來架設了NOAA/FY/MODIS衛星(xing)接(jie)收系(xi)統,每(mei)天可實(shi)時獲取中(zhong)國及(ji)全(quan)球海(hai)量衛星(xing)影像(xiang)和熱紅(hong)外(wai)數據(ju)。INSAR課題研究(jiu)組已初步建成海(hai)原斷裂祁連山(shan)(shan)地(di)區(qu)(qu)、首(shou)都圈(quan)京西北延懷盆地(di)區(qu)(qu)域及(ji)長白山(shan)(shan)火山(shan)(shan)天池地(di)區(qu)(qu)等三(san)(san)個角反(fan)射器(qi)臺(tai)陣(zhen)InSAR綜合觀測區(qu)(qu),布(bu)設了130套(tao)角反(fan)射器(qi);GPS課題組在汶川(chuan)地(di)震(zhen)震(zhen)區(qu)(qu)布(bu)設了多(duo)套(tao)GPS流動(dong)觀測站,為(wei)獲取汶川(chuan)地(di)震(zhen)地(di)表形變(bian)變(bian)化提供了第一(yi)手資料。

實驗室近年(nian)來承擔了(le)多項(xiang)973項(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)、國(guo)(guo)(guo)家發改委重(zhong)(zhong)大(da)項(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)、國(guo)(guo)(guo)家自然科學基金重(zhong)(zhong)點和(he)面上(shang)項(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)、地震項(xiang)行業(ye)專(zhuan)項(xiang)、科技(ji)平臺建設(she)(she)項(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)、科技(ji)支撐項(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)、國(guo)(guo)(guo)家財政部(bu)專(zhuan)項(xiang)和(he)國(guo)(guo)(guo)際合作(zuo)項(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)等(deng)(deng)(deng)。據不(bu)完全(quan)統計(ji)2005-2007年(nian)得(de)到國(guo)(guo)(guo)家級課題資(zi)助2000多萬。實驗室科技(ji)骨(gu)干(gan)積極參(can)與(yu)國(guo)(guo)(guo)家“十一(yi)五”科技(ji)規劃(hua)編制(zhi)(zhi),以及重(zhong)(zhong)點科研(yan)和(he)建設(she)(she)項(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)申請工作(zuo),部(bu)分(fen)已落實,即將實施。如GPS二期(qi)工程、地震衛星計(ji)劃(hua)、“十一(yi)五”項(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)(mu)編制(zhi)(zhi)等(deng)(deng)(deng)。2003-2008年(nian)出國(guo)(guo)(guo)(美(mei)國(guo)(guo)(guo)、日本、韓(han)國(guo)(guo)(guo)等(deng)(deng)(deng))參(can)加國(guo)(guo)(guo)際會議(yi)和(he)接待(dai)國(guo)(guo)(guo)外學者(美(mei)國(guo)(guo)(guo)、德國(guo)(guo)(guo)、法國(guo)(guo)(guo)、日本、韓(han)國(guo)(guo)(guo)等(deng)(deng)(deng))來訪達十余(yu)人次。在國(guo)(guo)(guo)際、國(guo)(guo)(guo)內期(qi)刊發表SCI論文(wen)(wen)40余(yu)篇(pian)。在國(guo)(guo)(guo)內、國(guo)(guo)(guo)際會議(yi)發表論文(wen)(wen)或論文(wen)(wen)摘要(yao)30余(yu)篇(pian)。為中國(guo)(guo)(guo)的防震減災事業(ye)做出了(le)自己的貢(gong)獻。


主   任: 甘衛軍 電話: 62009178

副主任: 張國宏   電話: 62009095


學科組設置

1.地殼形(xing)變與數值(zhi)模(mo)擬(ni) 

成員: 單新建(組長) 張國(guo)宏 龔文瑜(yu) 劉(liu)云(yun)華(hua) 劉(liu)嬌


2.GPS技(ji)術與應用

成員: 甘衛軍(組長) 張克亮 梁詩(shi)明(ming)


3.InSAR與地殼形變

成員: 屈春燕(組長(chang)) 宋(song)小剛 張桂(gui)芳 焦中虎


4.GPS與現今地(di)殼運動

成員: 王(wang)敏(組(zu)長) 陶(tao)瑋 王(wang)閻昭


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